Ending the School-to-Prison Pipeline
Ending the School-to-Prison Pipeline
School is a place where childhood happens. Most of us believe that every child, whatever their color, background or zip code, has the right to learn in a supportive environment that respects their humanity, upholds their dignity, and responds fairly to mistakes and mis-steps. Instead, zero tolerance and other exclusionary school discipline policies are pushing kids out of the classroom and into the criminal justice system at unprecedented rates. Funding choices by certain politicians prioritize putting police into schools, harming students who are Black, brown, LGBT or disabled for making mistakes that - for wealthy white kids - are deemed part of growing up and learning. By joining together - parents and teachers, Black, white, and brown - we can make every neighborhood public school a place where all children can learn, grow, and thrive.
Mobilizing for Safe and Just Schools: Add your community to the Movement for Safe and Just Schools Map
Minneapolis, Denver, Charlottesville, Portland, Los Angeles, Pittsburgh… these are just a few of the scores of cities and communities across the country where educators, students and community organizations are organizing to create supportive school environment that respect a student’s humanity, upholds their dignity, and responds fairly to mistakes and missteps. School districts are moving to make better, research-informed choices to drive resources back into schools where they will have the most impact for our students.
Click on the map below to find details on local resolutions, petitions and organizing.
LOCAL UNIONS SUPPORTING THE MOVEMENT FOR SAFE & JUST SCHOOLS
Addressing the over-reliance on police in public schools is crucial to dismantling the systemic racism that deprives Black and Brown youth of the opportunity to succeed at the very first stages of their lives. It is the single greatest step we can take to end the school-to-prison pipeline, through which Black and Brown students are pushed out of our public schools and into the juvenile and criminal justice systems. By rebalancing and redirecting resources to school counselors, restorative justice programs and other proven methods to address student health and wellbeing, we can ensure our students have opportunities to learn and thrive.
- United Educators of San Francisco Resolution Calling on S.F. Unified School District to discontinue its Memorandum of Understanding with the S.F. Police Department
- Tacoma teachers union wants uniformed police officers removed from schools starting in falls
- Madison teachers union backs removal of police from high schools.
- Massachusetts teachers union wants to abolish MCAS and take police out of schools upon reopening.
- Denver Public Schools resolution to terminate its contract with the Denver Police Department.
- Minneapolis Public Schools resolution to terminate its contract with the Minneapolis Police Department.
- Seattle Education Association calls on Seattle Public Schools to divest all resources, contracts, and funding to the Seattle Police Department.
- United Teachers of Los Angeles Statement : Imagine Police-Free Schools With the Supports Students Deserve
- The United Teachers of Richmond and Oakland Education Association call to eliminate school police
- Boston Teachers Union calls on BPS to remove all police from schools
What Our Students Need Now: Virtual School Culture That Is Healthy, Just and Strong
School is a place where childhood happens. And most of us believe that every child, whatever their color, background or zip code, has the right to learn in a supportive environment that respects their humanity, upholds their dignity, and responds fairly to mistakes and missteps. We are in unprecedented times, and now more than ever, the school community has the opportunity and the responsibility to focus on what matters most — safe, just and healthy students and school communities.
At a time when many students are learning in virtual settings, educators and administrators must address discriminatory policies and practices that often contribute to disproportionate discipline. For far too long data has shown that Black, Brown, Indigenous and LGBT students are more likely to be disciplined and disciplined more harshly than their white peers for the same behavior.
Over-Policing in LAUSD Gives Way to Safe and Just Schools
A student-led movement in Los Angeles gets results with new district programs to ensure Black students thrive.
By Cindy Long
Georgia Flowers-Lee recalls all too well the ordeal of her nephew being arrested at one of the top ranked high schools in Los Angeles for allegedly tagging a desk. He said he didn’t do it, witnesses said he didn’t do it, but he was charged and had to appear in court.
“Then the officer never showed up,” Lee says. “It was an unnecessary trauma on my nephew and our family, and he wound up changing schools. But it wasn’t unusual. Black students tend to be targeted when police are present.”
Lee, a special education teacher at Saturn Elementary in Los Angeles, has long supported the student-led movement to end the over-policing in schools
“Children shouldn’t show up for learning in a place that looks like a prison and be treated like criminals,” she says. “Students need positive, not punitive, approaches to education.”
Schools are unfairly pushing girls out
Too many schools suspend girls for minor issues —such as going against strict dress codes or “talking back.” In general, schools suspend Black, Latina and American Indian/Alaskan Native girls at higher rates than white girls.
These practices tell these girls that school is not a welcome place. These practices may also be informed by illegal gender and racial bias. This tool kit will help you find out if your school’s discipline policy treats girls of color fairly. Use this guide to learn your rights, how you can change your school policy, and where to find help.
- Black girls are 5.5 times more likely to be suspended from school as white girls.
- Black girls are more likely than any other race or gender to be suspended more than once.
- Schools are 3.5 times more likely to suspend Black girls with disabilities than white girls with disabilities.
- In preschools, Black girls are 20% of the girls enrolled but 54% of the girls receiving out-of-school suspensions; in K-12, Black girls are 16% of the girls enrolled but 45% of the girls receiving out-of-school suspensions.
- Schools suspend American Indian/Alaskan Native girls at more than three times the rate of white girls and at a higher rate than white boys.
- Latina girls are 1.6 times more likely to be suspended than white girls are.
These uneven rates of discipline are not because of more frequent or serious misbehavior. Instead, race and gender bias informs unfair discipline. For instance, schools often punish Black girls who act out because of stereotypes that Black girls are “angry.” Or target Latina girls for not following dress codes because of sexualized images of Latinas in the media.
- Let Her Learn: A toolkit to stop school push out for girls of color
National Women’s Law Center
- Oakland girls shine spotlight on sexual harassment and school board revamps its policy
- DRESS CODED: Black Girls, Bodies, and Bias in D.C. Schools
National Women’s Law Center
Taking Restorative Practices School-Wide: Insights from Three Schools in Denver
The Denver School-Based Restorative Practices Partnership is a coalition of racial justice, education, labor and community groups working to ensure widespread and high-quality implementation of restorative practices in Denver Public Schools and beyond.
Through interviews and focus groups with staff members at three Denver schools that have successfully implemented restorative practices (RP), four essential strategies for taking this approach school-wide were identified:
- Strong principal vision and commitment to restorative practices.
- Explicit efforts to generate staff buy-in to this conflict resolution approach.
- Continuous and intensive professional development opportunities.
- The allocation of school funds for a full-time coordinator of restorative practices at the site.
Restorative practices are alternatives to punitive school disciplinary policies that have proven ineffective and racially discriminatory. Using approaches such as dialogues, peace circles, conferencing, and peer-led mediation, restorative practices get to the root cause of student behavior.
Educators also say restorative practices identify issues too minor to be addressed with harsh school disciplinary responses—suspensions, police tickets, removal from class and isolation from other students—and create plans for students to both learn from and make amends for mistakes. When fully implemented, restorative practices improve school climate, increase academic achievement and reduce racial disparities in school discipline.
View the full report from the Denver School-Based Restorative Practices Partnership: Taking Restorative Practices School-wide: Insights from Three Schools in Denver (PDF)
- With DU Research, Denver Public Schools Reduces Suspension Rates
University of Denver, January 3, 2019
- Three Denver schools provide national model for how to discipline differently
Denver Post, March 14, 2018
- Lessons in Racial Justice and Movement Building: Dismantling the School-to-Prison Pipeline in Colorado
Padres & Jóvenes Unidos and Advancement Project
- A Revolution in Denver Schools: A new approach to discipline — “restorative practices” — helps dramatically cut suspensions
ColoradoPolitics.com, October 9, 2017
- Denver Schools Urge Alternatives to Expulsion, Suspension
NBC News, February 11, 2016
Building Power in Our Communities
Ready to get active and be the superhero our students deserve in the fight for racial, social and economic justice in public education? Then join the NEA EdJustice League!
A guide for educators seeking to foster healthy relationships and promote positive discipline in schools.
Model School Code
A model school code on education and dignity, developed by Dignity in Schools, that presents a human rights framework for schools.
Stop School Pushout
"Let Her Learn: Stopping School Pushout for Girls of Color" is a 28-page guide and toolkit produced by the National Women's Law Center.